Preliminary evidence of accumulation of stress during translocation in mantled howlers

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Year of Publication:
M. A. Socorro Aguilar-Cucurachi, Pedro A. D. Dias, Ariadna Rangel-Negrín, Roberto Chavira, Lourdes Boeck, Domingo Canales-Espinosa
American Journal of Primatology
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Translocation—an extensively used conservation tool—is a potentially stressful event, as animals are exposed to multiple stressors and cannot predict or control the changes in their environment. Therefore, it may be expected that during a translocation program stress accumulates and social behavior changes. Here, we present data from a translocation of four adult mantled howlers (Alouatta palliata), which was conducted in southern Veracruz (Mexico). We found that stress (measured in fecal corticosterone) increased during translocation, but that the rate of both affiliative and agonistic interactions remained unchanged. Females showed higher levels of corticosterone than males throughout translocation, although no sex differences were observed in social interactions. Our findings provide a preliminary evidence for accumulation of physiological stress during translocation in primates, and may have implications for decisions concerning releasing practices.


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