Electrocardiogram analysis of the normal unanesthetized green peafowl (Pavo muticus)

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Year of Publication:
H. Hassanpour, P. Hojjati, H. Zarei
Zoo Biology
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The aim of this study was to describe normal electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns and values in unanesthetized green peafowl (Pavo muticus). The standard bipolar and augmented unipolar limb leads ECGs were recorded in the birds. The waveforms were analyzed in all leads at 50 mm/sec and at 10 mm = 1 mV to determine P, PR (segment and interval), QRS, ST, QT durations, P, net QRS complex and T amplitudes. The polarity of each waveform was tabulated in all leads. The mean electrical axis (MEA) for the frontal plane was calculated using leads II and III. The mean heart rates were calculated from lead II that was 257.5±5.33 beats/min. The P wave was dominantly positive in all leads. The dominant pattern of waveforms of the QRS complexes were QS in leads II, III, and aVF. In leads I, aVR and aVL, the R pattern was dominant. The T wave was almost positive in leads I, II, and aVF. The average value of the heart MEA was −96.75±3.31°. Description of normal ECG parameters will facilitate a better realizing of ECG changes of unhealthy green peafowls. Zoo Biol 30:542–549, 2011. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


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