Zoo Research Guidelines: Statistics for typical zoo datasets


Zoo Research Guidelines: Surveys and Questionnaires


Zoo Research Guidelines: Studies of the effects of human visitors on zoo animal behaviour


Animal–visitor interactions in the modern zoo: Conflicts and interventions

Animal welfare, education, conservation, research, and entertainment are major goals of modern zoos, but they can be in conflict. For example, visitors enjoy learning about and observing natural behavior in captive animals, but visitors often want to observe and interact with the animals in close proximity. Unfortunately, proximity to and social interactions with humans induce […]

Zoo and aquarium research: priority setting for the coming decades.

Scientific study within contemporary zoos and aquariums has developed ad hoc as an extremely broad, academically oriented mixture of basic and applied research spanning a wide array of concepts and disciplines. Several papers have considered prioritization of present or future research efforts within disciplines, but only a few have touched on prioritization across institutions, disciplines, […]

Vocal communication in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20251.abs Research on vocal communication in African elephants has increased in recent years, both in the wild and in captivity, providing an opportunity to present a comprehensive review of research related to their vocal behavior. Current data indicate that the vocal repertoire consists of perhaps nine acoustically distinct call types, “rumbles” being the most […]

Mutual benefits of research collaborations between zoos and academic institutions

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20215.abs Zoos focus on welfare, conservation, education, and research related to animals they keep. Academic institutions emphasize description, experimentation, modeling, and teaching of general and specific animal biology and behavior through work in both laboratory and field. The considerable overlap in concerns and methods has increased interest in collaborative projects, but there is ample […]