Animal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges

Animal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by mitigating stress, increasing behavioral competence, and enhancing reproduction, health, and survival, conservation breeding programs must also […]

The recognition of canine pain behaviours, and potentially hazardous Catch-Neuter-Return practices by animal care professionals

The assessment of animal welfare is reliant upon the application of animal- and resource-based indicators. Animal-based indicators (physical, physiological and behavioural) are considered to be more representative of an animal’s welfare state but are more difficult for an assessor to interpret. In order to build a robust composite framework for the assessment of welfare of […]

Changes in the welfare of mink (Neovison vison) with date of assessment in the winter and growth periods have limited effects on the overall WelFur categorisation

In this study we investigated the robustness of the WelFur welfare assessment system for farmed mink (Neovison vison) to date of assessment in the winter and growth assessment periods. The prevalence of occurrences of certain measurements was hypothesised to increase with date of assessment (too thin, fur-chewing and stereotypic behaviour in the winter period and […]

An Assessment of Welfare Conditions in Wildlife Markets across Morocco

The welfare of wild-caught animals in markets has generally been overlooked by both wildlife trade and welfare studies, despite the potential negative impacts on the animals. Morocco is a member of the World Organisation for Animal Health and has proposed draft legislation prohibiting mistreatment or abuse of animals in captivity. There is still, however, a […]

Complexity of behavioural sequences and their relation to stress conditions in chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus): a non-invasive technique to evaluate animal welfare

A complexity analysis was performed on the behaviour time series of four groups of seven chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) using the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). DFA quantifies the fractal-like correlation properties of behaviour sequences on short time scales (seconds) over active periods of approximately 0.5 h (2050 s). In this study the level of randomization […]

A tool for on-farm welfare assessment of pigs in New Zealand [abstract]


Overall animal welfare assessment reviewed. Part 1: Is it possible?

Several authors have concluded that scientists should not attempt to perform overall animal welfare assessment (OWA). They argue that scientists have continued to fail to make progress in this area and that value judgements are inherently involved in OWA for which science cannot provide answers. We take a more positive attitude toward OWA and argue […]

Welfare evaluation


Welfare of animals: Behavior as a basis for decisions

Behavioral measures are of particular value in welfare assessment; some behaviors such as stereotypies, lack of or normal responsiveness, and excessive aggression being direct indicators of poor welfare. They are especially important when the welfare problems are of long duration. In addition, the behavior of animals is also needed to interpret other welfare measures such […]

Activity, oral behaviour and slaughter data as welfare indicators in veal calves: a comparison of three housing systems

A study was conducted to compare activity, oral behaviour and slaughter data of veal calves kept in three different housing systems: (1) individual housing (IH) where calves are kept in individual crates; (2) group housing (GH) where calves are kept in individual crates during the first 8 weeks and thereafter in groups of five to […]