Aggression, Salivary Cortisol, and Measures of Immune Competence in Goats Housed at Two Different Space Allowances


Effects of stocking density on the behaviour and growth of farmed red deer hinds

The aim of this experiment was to measure the effects of stocking density on the social behaviour, activity patterns and growth rates of yearling red deer hinds reared at pasture. Twenty individuals were assigned to two groups of 10 in a latin square design. During period 1 (28 days), group 1 was kept at a […]

Using motivation to feed as a way to assess the importance of space for broiler chickens

This paper describes a novel combination of feeding motivation and spatial preference testing. We used the feeding motivation test to determine a [`]low’ barrier height that broiler chickens, Gallus gallus domesticus, that were not food deprived would cross to get to food, and a [`]high’ barrier height that food-deprived chickens would cross to get to […]

The effects of cage volume and cage shape on the condition and behaviour of captive European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris)

Cage size is widely recognised as an important determinant of captive animal welfare, but in contrast, cage shape has received far less attention. Husbandry recommendations for flying birds state that cages should be long in shape because this allows greater potential for flight. However, so far no studies have investigated the impact of cage shape […]

Turning around by pregnant sows

Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of reducing pen width on turning around by sows. While pregnant sows were studied in both experiments, our overriding objective was to investigate the relationship between space on turning around by farrowing/lactating sows in pens and optimum pen dimensions. Thus, the use of pregnant sows was for […]

Do double cages and access to occupational materials improve the welfare of farmed mink

The effects of cage enrichments and additional space were studied in 60 pairs of mink kits kept in standard cages (STD) and 67 pairs of mink kits kept in enriched cages (ENR). During the period from mid July to the end of September both groups had alternate access to one and two connected cages. From […]

Floor quality and space allowance in intensive beef production: a review

In intensive beef production in Europe, finishing beef cattle are typically reared in pens with fully slatted floors and low space allowances. These housing conditions were questioned in a report published by the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare in 2001. The report concluded that the welfare of finishing bulls and steers is […]

The effects of journey duration and space allowance on the behavioural and biochemical measurements of stress responses in suckling lambs during transport to an abattoir

To evaluate the effect of journey duration and space allowance on behavioural and physiological responses, 72 male suckling lambs were transported by road to the slaughterhouse using two transport times – short (around 40 min) or long (around 4.75 h) – and three different space allowances: 0.12 (LSA), 0.20 (MSA) and 0.25 (HSA) m2/lamb. Lamb […]

The behaviour of gestating dairy ewes under different space allowances

Provision of adequate housing is essential to assure the welfare of farm animals. One relevant aspect is space allowance, due to potential consequences on the behaviour and welfare of animals. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of space allowance on the behaviour and potential welfare implications of dairy ewes during gestation. […]

Space allowance during gestation and early maternal separation: Effects on the fear response and social motivation of lambs

A common prenatal stressor in lambs is early maternal separation, which may be aggravated by spatial restriction of ewes during pregnancy. They may influence lambs’ development and coping abilities. The aim of this study was to determine how space allowance provided to ewes during pregnancy and early maternal separation affected the fear response and social […]