Characteristics of Cats Admitted to Czech Shelters

The aim of this study was to describe the numbers and characteristics of cats entering Czech shelters. Records of sheltered cats were collected from three cat shelters situated in different regions of the Czech Republic from 2011 to 2015. A total of 2170 cat admissions were analyzed in this study. Significantly (p < .001) greater numbers of […]

Short-term benefits of play behavior and conflict prevention in Pan paniscus

Most theories on the function of play have focused on ultimate rather than proximate benefits. Play peaks during juvenility but, in some species, it is present in adulthood as well. In primates, social play and grooming often show a matched pattern because they bring individuals into close contact and favor social cohesion. In Pan, researchers […]

Male-female interactions affect foraging behaviour within groups of small-spotted catshark, Scyliorhinus canicula

To examine potential effects of male-female interactions on the sexes’ foraging behaviour, we studied equal-sized, single- and mixed-sex groups of a benthic elasmobranch, the small-spotted catshark, in response to electric stimuli. A total of 88 size-matched, adult individuals were repeatedly presented with a range of artificial, prey type electric fields (E fields) under laboratory conditions […]

Investigation of distances covered by fattening pigs measured with VideoMotionTracker®

The investigation was carried out with altogether 144 pigs kept in groups of 6 or 12. Every pen was equipped with perforated floor. Water and the in-house compound feed with different elements depending on the fattening period were available ad libitum during the whole fattening period. At the beginning of each fattening period all pigs […]

Exploration and risk assessment in female wild house mice (Mus musculus musculus) and two laboratory strains

In an evolutionary prospective, it is possible that female mice have a differential perception of novel events than male mice and use a different behavioural strategy for risk assessment. However, female mice are less studied than male mice in behavioural tests of emotional reactivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate how wild-derived […]

Effect of feed type and sex on digestibility and feed efficiency utilization in black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura pectinata)

Abstract Digestibility, feed efficiency, and the effect of sex were evaluated in black iguanas (Ctenosaura pectinata) using two commercial pellets (rabbit and chicken). The experiment was performed in 80 iguanas in a completely randomized design with a factorial arrangement 2×2 over 105 days. No differences were detected by food type in weight gain (chicken vs. […]

A soy supplement and tamoxifen inhibit sexual behavior in female rats

In addition to displaying proceptive (hopping and darting) and receptive (lordosis) behaviors during a sexual encounter with a male, female rodents will regulate the timing of the encounter by engaging in a series of approaches and withdrawals from the male, a behavior termed paced mating behavior. Proceptive, receptive, and paced mating behaviors are all regulated […]

Yolk androgens and embryo sex: Maternal effects or confounding factors?

Maternal effects occur when offspring phenotype is affected by environmental factors experienced by the mother and, in egg-laying species, are often mediated via egg resources. There is currently great interest among behavioural ecologists in maternally allocated yolk androgens, especially their relationship with offspring sex and development. Such studies need embryonic tissue for sexing, however, requiring […]

Companion Dog Temperament Traits

Owners rated their companion dogs (Canis faamiliarus) on the frequency of occurrence of 127 descriptions of behavior. We conducted an exploratory principal components analysis of these behaviors for 2,018 participants that produced 22 interpretable factors (or traits). Four related to aggression indicate that aggression is not a unitary concept. Three factors relate to play and […]

Assessing chimpanzee personality and subjective well-being in Japan

We tested whether the cultural background of raters influenced ratings of chimpanzee personality. Our study involved comparing personality and subjective well-being ratings of 146 chimpanzees in Japan that were housed in zoos, research institutes, and a retirement sanctuary to ratings of chimpanzees in US and Australian zoos. Personality ratings were made on a translated and […]