Evaluation of different observational sampling regimes for use in zoological parks

Observational sampling methods provide clearly-defined guidelines for collection and analysis of behavioral data. In some situations, use of formal sampling regimes may be impractical or impossible. A case in point is data collection conducted by animal care staff at zoological parks and aquaria. Often, time is sufficiently limited that data collection is perceived as a […]

Behavioral budgets of captive sea otter mother–pup pairs during pup development

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430120508.abs Instantaneous sampling of eight behavior categories for a captive mother sea otter (Enhydra lutris) and her four pups was conducted continuously during the first three months following each pup’s birth. Initially, pup-grooming and rest occupied the largest proportion of the mother’s time. Despite a steady decline in the amount of time the mother […]

Validation of scan sampling techniques for behavioural observations of pastured lambs

The study of farm animal behaviour is a critical tool for assessing animal welfare. Collecting behavioural data with continuous sampling or short scan sampling intervals (eg every 60th second) is considered ideal as this provides the most complete and accurate dataset; however, these methods are also time and labour intensive. Longer sampling intervals provide an […]