Transport stress in roe deer (capreolus capreolus): effect of a short-acting antipsychotic

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a short-acting antipsychotic (acepromazine) on the stress response to transport in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Twenty-one roe deer were submitted to a nine-hour road journey in order to reintroduce and restock this species into Catalonia (north-eastern Spain). The animals were divided into two groups: […]

Heart Rate and Stress Hormone Responses of Sheep to Road Transport Following Two Different Loading Procedures

This study was designed to investigate the physiological responses induced in sheep (n = 18) by two different loading techniques followed by a short road journey. All animals wereprepared with venous catheters, to minimize the disturbing effects of blood sampling, and nine sheep were fitted with heart rate monitors. The animals were loaded onto a […]

Flooring and driving conditions during road transport influence the behavioural expression of cattle

This study examined whether observers could distinguish between cattle that were exposed to various road transport conditions: Experiment 1 compared a manipulated flooring treatment (non-grip flooring, NG) with a control transport event (grip flooring, G) and Experiment 2 compared a manipulated driving style (stop-start driving, SS) with a control transport event of smooth, continuous (C) […]

Shrink and mortality of beef cattle during long distance transportation

The aims of this study were to determine the effects of long distance transport on shrink and mortality rate in cattle, and to understand the relationships between environmental temperature, bodyweight, shrink and dressing percentage. This survey was conducted on 121 transfers of bulls (Bos taurus) from commercial finishing units in Bugyi, Hungary to a public […]

Effects of the different transport phases on equine health status, behavior, and welfare: A review

The aim of this review is to provide practical outcomes on how to manage equine transport stress. Many horses travel frequently during their life, and transportation is one of the major causes of injuries, health disorders, and economic loss for horse breeding and the wider equine industry. There are a number of recent publications in […]

Evaluation of secondary stress biomarkers during road transport in rabbit

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of road transport, excluding the effect of cages, on rectal temperature (RT), glucose, lactate, packed cell volume (PCV) and total proteins (TP) in rabbits. The animals were divided into three groups of 10 subjects: Group A was transported into plastic transport crates by road for […]

Unloading or not unloading? Sheep welfare implication of rest stop at control post after a 29 h transport

In Europe, maximum journey time for transported sheep is set at 29 h (EC Regulation 1/2005), after which animals must be unloaded, fed and watered in control posts stopping for 24 h, as all other species, before continuing their journey. The industry considers these resting times too general, not taking into account the peculiar differences […]

Acupuncture Needle Stimulation on Some Physiological Parameters After Road Transport and Physical Exercise in Horse

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of acupuncture (AG) treatment on some hematochemical parameters in five Thoroughbred horses after road transport and exercise. Horses competed in two official races. For each race, animals were transported from their stables to the racetrack. Horses transported and competed in the first race represent the […]