Spatial memory and monitoring of hidden items through spatial displacements by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)

This study examined chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) short-term memory for food location in near space. In Experiments 1 and 2, either 1 or 2 items (chocolate pieces) were hidden in an array of 3 or 5 containers that either remained stationary or were rotated 180° or 360°. When the array remained stationary, the chimpanzees remembered both […]

Social Transmission of Flavor Preferences in Two Species of Hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus and Phodopus campbelli)

Golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) and dwarf hamsters (Phodopus campbelli) interacted with a conspecific demonstrator that had recently consumed a flavored food. When given a choice between their demonstrator’s flavor and another flavor, the dwarf hamsters preferred the flavor their demonstrator had eaten. Golden hamsters did not prefer their demonstrators’ diets when the demonstrators were unrelated […]