The scientific validity of subjective concepts in models of animal welfare

This paper takes a closer look at the subjectivity/objectivity relationship, as it plays a role in the science of animal welfare. It argues that subjective, experiential states in animals such as well-being and suffering are, contrary to what is often assumed, open to empirical observation and scientific assessment. The presumably purely private, inaccessible nature of […]

The spontaneous qualitative assessment of behavioural expressions in pigs: first explorations of a novel methodology for integrative animal welfare measurement

Qualitative assessments of behaviour integrate and summarize the different aspects of an animal’s dynamic style of interaction with the environment, using descriptors such as ‘timid’ or ‘confident’. Although such qualitative terms are widely used in the study of animal temperament and personality, their use in relation to questions of animal welfare has yet to be […]