Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca, Cephalopoda) as a model in behavioral pharmacology: A test of handling effects

Despite the great interest of Cephalopods in learning studies, behavioral pharmacological experiments using these animals are scanty. The purpose of this study was to find an appropriate method of injection of substances for studying their effects on the behavior of octopuses. We injected into the branchial heart a known volume of seawater to test the […]