Enhancing captive breeding in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca): maintaining lactation when cubs are rejected, and understanding variation in milk collection and associated factors

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20232.abs From 1997 to 2002, a female giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) was artificially stimulated and lactation was maintained, after her neonates were removed due to the female’s inability to provide maternal care. Milk samples were collected and the amount of milk collected was quantified. The lactation curve of this animal was estimated based on […]

Nutrition and behavioral management of bottle-raised moose calves

Abstract 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:63.3.CO;2-W The exceedingly high mortality rates generally associated with artificially raising neonatal moose frequently can be attributed to improper nutritional management and poor husbandry techniques. Dietary-induced diarrhea caused by inappropriate milk replacers is common in moose calves raised in captivity. To avoid diarrhea, calves are often purposefully underfed, resulting in poor growth rates during […]