Melatonin promotes sleep in three species of diurnal nonhuman primates

Nocturnal melatonin secretion is concurrent with consolidated sleep episodes in diurnal mammals and physiological melatonin levels can promote sleep onset in humans and in pigtail macaques. In order to further investigate the effects of melatonin treatment on sleep parameters in diurnal nonhuman primates, three macaque species have been studied: Macaca nemestrina, Macaca fascicularis, and Macaca […]

Appetite regulation: The central role of melatonin in Danio rerio

Melatonin is the hormonal mediator of photoperiodic information to the central nervous system in vertebrates and allows the regulation of energy homeostasis through the establishment of a proper balance between energy intake and energy expenditure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of melatonin in appetite central control analyzing the involvement of […]

Hormonal regulation of female nuptial coloration in a fish

Physiological color change in camouflage and mating is widespread among fishes, but little is known about the regulation of such temporal changes in nuptial coloration and particularly concerning female coloration. To better understand regulation of nuptial coloration we investigated physiological color change in female two-spotted gobies (Gobiusculus flavescens). Females of this species develop an orange […]

Circadian behavioral and melatonin rhythms in the European starling under light-dark cycles with steadily changing periods: Evidence for close mutual coupling?

In European starlings exposed to constant conditions, circadian rhythms in locomotion and feeding can occasionally exhibit complete dissociation from each other. Whether such occasional dissociation between two behavioral rhythms reflects on the strength of the mutual coupling of their internal oscillators has not been investigated. To examine this, as well as to elucidate the role […]

Chronic melatonin administration mitigates behavioral dysfunction induced by γ-irradiation

Melatonin, a ‘hormone of darkness,’ has been reported to play a role in a wide variety of physiological responses including reproduction, circadian homeostasis, sleep, retinal neuromodulation, and vasomotor responses. Our recent studies reported a prophylactic effect of exogenous melatonin against radiation-induced neurocognitive changes. However, there is no reported evidence for a mitigating effect of chronic […]

Melatonin ameliorates chronic mild stress induced behavioral dysfunctions in mice

Abstract Melatonin, a neurohormone, is known to regulate several physiological functions, especially the circadian homeostasis, mood and behavior. Chronic exposure to stress is involved in the etiology of human affective disorders, and depressed patients have been reported to show changes in the circadian rhythms and nocturnal melatonin concentration. The present study was conducted to evaluate […]

Dose-dependent responses of avian daily rhythms to artificial light at night

Recent studies have shown that animals are affected by night-time light exposure. Light is a continuous variable, but our knowledge on how individuals react to different light intensities during the night is limited. We therefore determined the relationship between night light intensity and the behaviour and physiology of great tits (Parus major). We measured daily […]

Melatonin is a redundant entraining signal in the rat circadian system

The role of melatonin in maintaining proper function of the circadian system has been proposed but very little evidence for such an effect has been provided. To ascertain the role, the aim of the study was to investigate impact of long-term melatonin absence on regulation of circadian system. The parameters of behavior and circadian clocks […]

The importance of hormonal circadian rhythms in daily feeding patterns: An illustration with simulated pigs

The interaction between hormonal circadian rhythms and feeding behaviour is not well understood. This study aimed to deepen our understanding of mechanisms underlying circadian feeding behaviour in animals, using pigs, Sus scrofa, as a case study. Pigs show an alternans feeding pattern, that is, a small peak of feed intake at the beginning of the […]