Thermoregulation in African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

Four young adult elephant bulls aged 21-23 in the Letsatsing Game Reserve, a private reserve near Pilanesbury NP in South Africa, were the subjects of this study focused on body temperature. The elephant were trained to carry people were engaged in short term daily programmes for tourist or public education groups and normally spend the […]

Elephant sociality and complexity: The scientific evidence


The Welfare, Housing and Husbandry of Elephants in UK Zoos


Urinary androstenedione and luteinizing hormone concentrations during musth in a mature African elephant

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430080207.abs Musth has not been well documented in captive African elephants. A 37-year-old African bull elephant in the Kansas City Zoological Park was observed during periods of behavioral musth and non-musth. Androstenedione and luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations in urine were measured by radioimmunoassay. Urinary androstenedione and LH levels were significantly higher in musth urine […]