Cetacean sleep: An unusual form of mammalian sleep

Our knowledge of the form of lateralized sleep behavior, known as unihemispheric slow wave sleep (USWS), seen in all members of the order Cetacea examined to date, is described. We trace the discovery of this phenotypically unusual form of mammalian sleep and highlight specific aspects that are different from sleep in terrestrialmammals.Wefind that for cetaceans […]

Infant cradling in a captive mother gorilla

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20197.abs The purpose of the study presented here was to investigate the handedness and cradling preferences of a mother gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) from the Metro Toronto Zoo. The study also examined preferences for handedness for each member of the captive group. Observational data were collected using scan sampling at 60-sec intervals. Handedness was determined […]

Lateralized behavior in two captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

Abstract 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:23.3.CO;2-C The study of behavioral laterality in humans and nonhumans can contribute to our understanding of brain evolution and functional similarities across species. Few studies have focused on cetaceans. This report exams lateralized behaviors in two captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Observations were made by videotaping through a 90 × 150 cm underwater one-way […]

Laterality and emotions: Visual laterality in the domestic horse (Equus caballus) differs with objects’ emotional value

Lateralization of emotions has received great attention in the last decades, both in humans and animals, but little interest has been given to side bias in perceptual processing. Here, we investigated the influence of the emotional valence of stimuli on visual and olfactory explorations by horses, a large mammalian species with two large monocular visual […]

Postural effect on manual laterality in different tasks in captive grey-cheeked mangabey (Lophocebus albigena)

The authors examined the effects of task complexity and posture on laterality and compared lateralization during different tasks in 9 captive grey-cheeked mangabeys (Lophocebus albigena) during spontaneous food processing and 3 experimental tasks. Comparisons with data of red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus; semiterrestrial species) were used. Less than half the monkeys were lateralized for simple […]

Left–Right Asymmetries of Behaviour and Nervous System in Invertebrates

Evidence of left-right asymmetries in invertebrates has begun to emerge, suggesting that lateralization of the nervous system may be a feature of simpler brains as well as more complex ones. A variety of studies have revealed sensory and motor asymmetries in behaviour, as well as asymmetries in the nervous system, in invertebrates. Asymmetries in behaviour […]

The Ontogenesis of Lateralized Behavior in the Domestic Cat, Felis silvestris catus

For the first time, the development of paw preferences in the domestic cat, Felis silvestris catus, is explored. Twelve cats were tested at ages 12 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year on a challenge requiring them to use one of their paws to retrieve food. To control for repeated testing of the same cats at […]

Lateralised Swimming Behaviour in the California Sea Lion

Lateralised motor behaviour in the pinnipeds has been subject to little investigation. This study examined the swimming behaviour of seven zoo-housed California sea lions to determine whether they exhibited a directional bias in their motor behaviour. Data were collected on the direction of the animals’ swimming patterns from the point of entering a pool of […]

Effect of pre-weaning temporary isolation within different age periods on the early post-weaning behaviour of juvenile lambs

Temporary maternal separation is a stressful situation typical under modern husbandry practices and may have an undesirable impact on lamb welfare. However, at present there is insufficient evidence on temporary maternal separation effects on the behaviour of juvenile lambs. The aim of the present study was to assess if and how partial isolation during different […]

Assessment of motor laterality in foals and young horses (Equus caballus) through an analysis of derailment at trot

Abstract The conflicting results regarding the study of motor laterality in horses may indicate that there does not exist a proper method to assess the degree and the direction of motor bias in these animals. Unfortunately, even less is known about the development of laterality in horses, and to what extent early manipulations can still […]