Indo-Pacific parrotfish exert partner choice in interactions with cleanerfish but Caribbean parrotfish do not

Cooperation theory puts a strong emphasis on partner control mechanisms that have evolved to stabilize cooperation against the temptation of cheating. The marine cleaning mutualism between the Indo-Pacific bluestreack cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, and its reef fish ‘clients’ has been a model system to study partner control mechanisms and counterstrategies. These cleaners cooperate by eating […]

Factors influencing the different performance of fish and primates on a dichotomous choice task

Species vary in the ease with which they can solve apparently similar problems. This can be due to a variety of features. For instance, the ecological context of a problem will be interpreted differently by different species. This could relate to how they interpret the problem, but also, more basically, to which cue they see […]