Graded leadership by dominant animals in a herd of female beef cattle on pasture

The role of dominant individuals in leading groups of animals is not yet well understood. We investigated whether dominant beef cows, Bos taurus, have more influence on herd movement on pasture than more subordinate cows. A herd of 15 Gasconne cows was observed for a 3-week period between dawn and dusk. The positions of all […]

A note on the circadian rhythm and feeding behaviour of heep fitted with a light weight GPS collar

The circadian rhythm and feeding behaviour (bite rate) of 16 Scottish Blackface ewes of which eight were fitted with a lightweight (863 g) GPS collar were examined. The collar consisted of a leather harness and a 0.5 l aluminium box and represented 2.2% of the average body mass of the study ewes. No differences in […]

Implementation and comparison of home range estimators for grizzly bears in Alberta, Canada, based on GPS data


Estimating daily walking distance of captive African elephants using an accelerometer

Two central concerns for elephant husbandry and management are whether zoological enclosures are appropriately sized and the degree to which naturalistic exercise and activity are observed in such enclosures. In order to address these issues, accurate data on the daily walking distance of elephants both in situ and ex situ are necessary. We used an […]

Foraging paths through vegetation patches for beef cattle in semi-natural pastures

Grazing semi-natural grasslands may enhance their wildlife faunal diversity and abundance by modifying the plant species composition through exploiting the dietary choices of the domestic livestock, yet diet preferences in these grasslands are often poorly understood. We therefore investigated diet selection of beef cattle in semi-natural pastures, grazed at moderate stocking (MS) or lenient stocking […]

The effects of GPS collars on African elephant (Loxodonta africana) behavior at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park

The use of tracking devices (e.g., VHF radio collars, GPS collars, ear transmitters) enables researchers to assess activity budgets, species-specific movement patterns, effects of environmental enrichment, and exercise levels in zoo animals. The fundamental assumption in these studies of tagged animals is that attachable tracking devices have negligible effects on the animals’ behavior. The present […]

Exploration as a key component of natal dispersal: dispersers explore more than philopatric individuals in roe deer

Natal dispersal (i.e. movements between the natal range of an individual and its first breeding site) is a complex process which can have profound impacts on population dynamics. In most species, only a proportion of juveniles actually disperse, but few empirical data are available on the factors that drive the decision to disperse. To understand […]