Feeding enrichment in an opportunistic carnivore: The red fox

In captive carnivores, species-specific behaviour is often restricted by inadequate feeding regimens. Feeding live prey is not feasible in most places and food delivery is often highly predictable in space and time which is considerably different from the situation in the wild. As a result, captive carnivores are often inactive, show little behavioural diversity and […]

Effects of predictable versus unpredictable feeding schedules on chimpanzee behavior

One factor not often studied in the design of feeding enrichment programs is the timetable according to which enrichments are offered. This study was performed to lend a quantitative basis to primate colony management decisions concerning feeding schedules. The objective was to determine whether feeding fresh produce meals on a predictable schedule was preferable to […]

Pre-feeding Agonism and Seasonality in Captive Groups of Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes)

Captive chimpanzees fed at regular, predictable intervals are known to exhibit higher rates of aggression immediately prior to, and during feeding. Presumably, anticipation of food creates tensions leading to increased agonistic interactions prior to feeding. This study was conducted to determine if seasonal variabilities might contribute to pre-feeding agonism. A quantitative examination was made looking […]

Effects of feeding enrichment on the behaviour and welfare of captive Waldrapps (Northern bald ibis) (Geronticus eremita)

One of the contributing factors leading to the development of serious foot problems such as bumblefoot (pododermatitis) in captive birds is an abnormally sedentary lifestyle. This study investigated the effects of feeding enrichment on the activity levels of a captive colony of seven Waldrapps or Northern bald ibis (Geronticus eremita) at Tilgate Nature Centre in […]

The effects of three types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of captive Javan gibbons (Hylobates moloch)

Studies on a large variety of species have shown that enrichment can be successfully used to encourage natural behaviours, to decrease rates of abnormal behaviour and to improve welfare in captive animals. However, whether or not a specific enrichment device is enriching depends on the species and its circumstances in captivity. In this study, we […]