Intermittent stress in pigs: Effects on behavior, pituitary — Adrenocortical axis, growth, and gastric ulceration

Ninety-six pigs, half females and half castrated males from 12 litters, were housed in 24 groups of four litter mates. From an age of 115 days half of the groups were subjected to chronic stress for 33 days consisting of a schedule of unpredictable, inescapable electroshocks, and half served as controls. Behavior and performance were […]