Farm Manager Involvement in an Equine on-farm Welfare Assessment: Opportunities for Education and Improvement

Previous work surveying equine professionals has suggested ignorance to be a primary cause of poor welfare within the industry, highlighting the importance of improving educational opportunities for industry stakeholders. This may be achieved through on-farm assessments designed to evaluate facilities and share resources with farm owners. While used extensively for evaluating production animal facilities, equine […]

Why Zoos and Aquariums Matter: Assessing the impact of a visit to a zoo or aquarium


Stimulating Natural Behavior in Captive Bears

Brown bears (Ursus arctos) in zoos are often kept under sub-optimal conditions and have behavioral time-budgets that differ from their wild counterparts. We conducted 2 experiments using novel feeding conditions for captive European brown bears (scattering food rather than piling and increasing feeding frequencies from 3 to 6/day) in the Bear Forest (BF), a 2-ha […]

The Effect of Zoo Visitors on the Behaviour and Welfare of Zoo Mammals

There is evidence that the presence of the visiting public affects the behaviour of zoo-housed mammals. Understanding the effect of visitors is important in improving animal welfare, achieving zoo conservation goals, increasing visitor education/entertainment, and facilitating interpretation of data on zoo animal biology. A series of studies and experiments focusing on the effect of zoo […]

Do zoos and aquariums promote attitude change in visitors? A critical evaluation of the american zoo and aquarium study

Modern-day zoos and aquariums market themselves as places of education and conservation. A recent study conducted by the American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) (Falk et al., 2007) is being widely heralded as the fi rst direct evidence that visits to zoos and aquariums produce long-term positive eff ects on people’s attitudes toward other animals. […]

ZATPAC: a model consortium evaluates teen programs

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20203.abs How do we advance the environmental literacy of young people, support the next generation of environmental stewards and increase the diversity of the leadership of zoos and aquariums? We believe it is through ongoing evaluation of zoo and aquarium teen programming and have founded a consortium to pursue those goals. The Zoo and […]

Mutual benefits of research collaborations between zoos and academic institutions

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20215.abs Zoos focus on welfare, conservation, education, and research related to animals they keep. Academic institutions emphasize description, experimentation, modeling, and teaching of general and specific animal biology and behavior through work in both laboratory and field. The considerable overlap in concerns and methods has increased interest in collaborative projects, but there is ample […]

Elephant importation from range countries: ethical and practical considerations for accredited zoos

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20102.abs Zoo elephant populations are in serious demographic peril. Advances in elephant management and care are expected to lead to improved reproductive success. The existing cohort of reproductively viable adult females is aging, however, and effective changes may not come fast enough to sustain the population over time. If so, importation of captive, semi-domesticated, […]

Post-occupancy evaluation of zoo Atlanta’s Giant Panda Conservation Center: Staff and visitor reactions

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.10102.abs Construction of a new zoo animal exhibit impacts animals, visitors, and staff, and considerable attention should be paid to evaluation of the exhibit. In November 1999, Zoo Atlanta received two giant pandas from the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, Sichuan, China, which presented an opportunity to evaluate the new giant panda […]

Toward a global perspective on farm animal welfare

During the past half century, the less industrialized countries experienced rapid increases in animal production through both large-scale confinement systems and traditional small-scale systems. These countries now produce the majority of the world’s meat. The regulations and other programs designed to safeguard animal welfare in the European and English-speaking countries may prove ineffective in the […]