Evaluation of liquid nitrogen and dry ice–alcohol refrigerants for freeze marking three mammal species

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430100309.abs Degus (Octodon degus), Patagonian cavies (Dolichotis patagonum), and mouflon (Ovis musimon) were freeze marked with instruments refrigerated in liquid nitrogen or a mixture of dry ice and alcohol. The instruments were pressed against the skin of the animal for various trial durations. Recommended exposure durations with dry ice-alcohol refrigerant were: degus—28 sec; cavies—≈ […]