Breathing frequency in ruminants: a comparative analysis with non-ruminant mammals

In cattle, sheep and goats, during resting conditions, breathing frequency (f) greatly exceeds the value expected for their body weight (W, kg) from the allometric curve of other land mammals. It was postulated that this was the effect of the production of CO2 during rumen fermentation. If this were the case, a high f should […]

Food and feeding preferences of Himalayan gray goral (Naemorhedus goral bedfordi) in Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20202.abs Himalayan gray goral is endemic to Himalayas and Hindukush ranges. Analysis of 15 fecal samples and field observations from different areas of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir suggest that goral consumes foliage of a minimum of 28 plant species. Trees, shrubs and grasses appear in the ratio of 1:36:63 and hence the species is […]

Nonsurgical embryo transfer in the scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah): Birth of a live offspring

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430100106.abs The objective of this project was to determine if modifications of methods of estrous synchronization, superovulation, embryo recovery, and transfer used successfully in other ungulates, both domestic and nondomestic, could be applied to scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah). Donors were two parous females and recipients were one parous and two nulliparous females that were […]

Proximate composition of milk of the bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) in comparison to other African bovids and to hand-rearing formulas

African bovids represent a highly diverse group with divergent neonatal care strategies. The extent to which their milks reflect this diversity is poorly understood. We analyzed milk of the bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) to compare its composition to milks of other African bovids and to evaluate bongo milk replacement formulas. Milk samples from three individuals (0 […]