Welfare implications of artificial rearing and early weaning in sheep

Soon after parturition a lasting and mutual ewe-lamb bond is established. However, in an increasing number of intensive sheep farms, lambs are separated from the dam at an early age. When artificial rearing is applied lambs are often kept with mothers for 2 days to allow the ingestion of maternal colostrum and then abruptly removed […]

Nutrition and behavioral management of bottle-raised moose calves

Abstract 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1997)16:63.3.CO;2-W The exceedingly high mortality rates generally associated with artificially raising neonatal moose frequently can be attributed to improper nutritional management and poor husbandry techniques. Dietary-induced diarrhea caused by inappropriate milk replacers is common in moose calves raised in captivity. To avoid diarrhea, calves are often purposefully underfed, resulting in poor growth rates during […]