Recognition and alleviation of distress in laboratory animals

Due to both the paucity of information and the lack of a clear, widely accepted definition for distress, the scientific community using animals in research, including investigators, veterinarians, animal care staff, and animal care and use committees, has not had reliable guidance in recognizing, assessing, or alleviating distress. Because minimization or elimination of distress experienced […]

Animal welfare assurance programs in food production- a framework for assessing the options

Various animal welfare assurance programs are being used to encourage or require the adoption of animal welfare standards in food production, and to assure the public that such standards are followed. The programs involve five main formats. Non-mandatory codes/guidelines are relatively easy to institute and appear well-supported by the industry, but provide only minimal assurance […]