Behavioral management of chimpanzees in biomedical research facilities: The state of the science

The current status of the behavioral management of chimpanzees housed in US research facilities is examined, and recent advances are described. Behavioral management includes the application of environmental enrichment, animal training, and environmental design for improving animal welfare. Authors surveyed the six major chimpanzee holding facilities and found that the vast majority of chimpanzees are […]

The welfare of non-human primates used in research: Report of the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare


Comparative analysis of knowledge gain between interpretive and fact-only presentations at an animal training session: an exploratory study

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.20174.abs Zoos and aquariums have recognized the importance of integrating living collections with personally delivered interpretation. One way for zoos to accomplish this is by conducting public animal training sessions accompanied by personal interpretation. Many institutions offer these types of interactions, but the term “interpretation” is used loosely and without clear definition. This exploratory […]

Positive reinforcement training to elicit voluntary movement of two giant pandas throughout their enclosure

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.10103.abs There is a great deal of interest in applying positive reinforcement training to improve the care and management of captive animals. The purpose of the present study was to test the usefulness of positive reinforcement training in managing the “shifting” behavior of two, young giant pandas. This report describes the steps in the […]

Positive reinforcement training to enhance the voluntary movement of group-housed chimpanzees within their enclosures

Abstract 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2361(1998)17:43.3.CO;2-3 Positive reinforcement techniques were applied to train groups of chimpanzees to move voluntarily into the indoor portions of their enclosures at the request of trainers and to be briefly restricted to those areas. Subjects were 66 members of eight social groups, including 44 adults (14 males, 30 females), and 22 immatures (eight males, […]

Use of positive reinforcement training in the management of species for reproduction

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430130509.abs Positive reinforcement training holds great potential for enhancing the management of species for reproduction. This paper reviews a wide range of animal training activities and resultant benefits which could have application to captive reproduction programs. Recognized benefits fall into several categories. Basic animal care can be improved through voluntary cooperation by the animals […]

Human-directed contra-aggression training using positive reinforcement with single and multiple trainers for indoor-housed rhesus macaques

The objective of this study was to improve human-animal management relationships by testing the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) on reducing human-directed aggression in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Contra-aggression uses a combination of positive reinforcement training techniques designed to actively reduce instances of aggressive behavior. Additionally, this study looked at how much post-training generalization […]

Enhancing the zoo visitor’s experience by public animal training and oral interpretation at an otter exhibit

This study investigated the effects of performing animal-training sessions with Asian small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinerea) while zoo visitors watched. The effects of having an interpreter present to describe the otters and their training on zoo visitors were also assessed. The data from 389 visitors to Zoo Atlanta’s otter exhibit were analyzed, and exhibit stay times […]

What Can Zookeepers Tell Us About Interacting With Big Cats in Captivity?

Despite the potential dangers involved, interactions between zookeepers and captive big cats are increasing. Research with other animals, particularly nonhuman primates, suggests that closer interactions can be beneficial not only for the animals and their keepers, but also for zoo visitors. This study sought to determine whether the same benefits may apply to keeper-big cat […]