Utilizing Scents as Environmental Enrichment: Preference Assessment and Application with Rothschild Giraffe

Zoological institutions use environmental enrichment to increase opportunities for animals to engage in species-appropriate behavior. In these facilities, enrichment for giraffe typically consists of different types of feeders to increase the percentage of time spent foraging. The current study explored the use of scent enrichment as a way to increase exploration, activity levels and space […]

Diurnal and Nocturnal Activity Time Budgets of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in a Zoological Park

The diurnal and nocturnal activity time budgets of five adult female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) were studied in a zoological park for two 24-hour, five 14-hour, and one 9-hour observation periods between May and June 2011. Relatively few studies have looked at detailed daytime and nighttime activity time budgets in captive Asian elephants. Continuous observation […]

Zoo and aquarium research: priority setting for the coming decades.

Scientific study within contemporary zoos and aquariums has developed ad hoc as an extremely broad, academically oriented mixture of basic and applied research spanning a wide array of concepts and disciplines. Several papers have considered prioritization of present or future research efforts within disciplines, but only a few have touched on prioritization across institutions, disciplines, […]

Survey and interzoo studies used to address husbandry problems in some zoo vertebrates

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430130508.abs In addition to genetic and demographic considerations, SSP coordinators have been asked to systematically address husbandry issues. Three approaches to the study of captive management issues are typically used: (1) large numbers of individuals are housed at a single institution maintained in a situation that facilitates systematic evaluation of the captive environment, (2) […]

Zoo and aquarium animal management and conservation: Current trends and future challenges

The turn of the century appears to be a good time to examine the role of zoos and aquariums, both in the past and present, and to predict what role these organizations will play in animal management and conservation in the future. In this review three main trends are considered: (1) the loss of wildlife […]

Stereotypic behavior in wild marine carnivores?

Abstract Stereotypic behavior is observed in many species within zoological institutions. Attempts to reduce such behavior typically involve some form of environmental enrichment that provides opportunities for species appropriate behavior or some degree of control within the environment. However, environmental enrichment has never been completely successful in eliminating stereotypic behavior for an entire group of […]

The reduction of stereotypic pacing in tigers (Panthera tigris) by obstructing the view of neighbouring individuals

Until recently, little attention has been focused on the influence of social interactions and the presence of conspecifics on stereotypic pacing in captive carnivores. This study examined the effect of adding a visual barrier between two tiger (Panthera tigris) exhibits on stereotypic pacing behaviour. Continuous sampling was used to record the duration of time tigers […]

The effects of education programmes on Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) behaviour

Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops trucatus) are found in zoos and aquaria throughout the world. As the number of facilities with dolphin shows and interaction programmes increases, it becomes more important to understand the effects of such programmes on dolphin behaviour. The present study examined the short-term effects of dolphin shows and interaction programmes on the […]

Visitor reaction to pacing behavior: influence on the perception of animal care and interest in supporting zoological institutions

Many publications within the field of zoo animal welfare have stated the importance of decreasing stereotypic behavior (e.g., pacing) to help ensure a positive visitor experience. The idea behind these statements is that visitors want to see animals engaged in natural behavior. Additionally, it is thought that watching an animal exhibit species-appropriate behavior could help […]

The Unzoo Alternative

All zoos the world over are based upon the tradition of managing wild species with captivity and coercion. However, new zoo keeping tools like reward-based training and environmental enrichment show the way to a new concept of zoos, the “Unzoo Alternative” where animal management is founded on humane principles of animal attraction, reward and collaboration. […]