Animal Welfare as Preventative Medicine

Antimicrobial resistance is a major threat to both human and animal health, but reduction of use raises issues of how standards of animal health and welfare can be maintained without them. This turns the spotlight onto the role of good management and higher standards of animal welfare as drug-free ways of improving immune function and […]

Behaviour as a tool in the assessment of animal welfare

A central issue in animal welfare research is how to assess the welfare state of animals objectively and scientifically. I argue that this issue can be approached by asking two key questions: 1) is the animal physically healthy and 2) does the animal have what it wants? Behaviour is used to answer both of these […]

Animal Health 2006: The Report of the Chief Veterinary Officer

Electrocardiography of the Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea)

Abstract 10.1002/zoo.1430100311.abs For electrocardiography to be a useful diagnostic tool, it is important to establish the electrocardiographic parameters of a specific population under similar conditions of data collection. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) collected from 14 (4.10) Anoyx cinerea, chemically immobilized with a ketamine/midazolam combination, are analyzed for their mean, range, and standard deviation of parameters. A mean […]

Toward a global perspective on farm animal welfare

During the past half century, the less industrialized countries experienced rapid increases in animal production through both large-scale confinement systems and traditional small-scale systems. These countries now produce the majority of the world’s meat. The regulations and other programs designed to safeguard animal welfare in the European and English-speaking countries may prove ineffective in the […]

The well-being of farm animals : challenges and solutions

Animal welfare defined in terms of attempts to cope with the environment

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A Visual Health Assessment of Captive Asian Elephants (Elephas Maximus) Housed in India

A visual health assessment and survey questionnaire was conducted on 81 Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) housed in 10 animal facilities throughout India between November 2004 and February 2005. The survey questionnaire consisted of 10 questions that evaluated the health of the elephants, and they were completed after visually assessing each individual elephant. The information collected […]

Can environmental variables replace some animal-based parameters in welfare assessment of dairy cows?

Animal-related parameters best fulfil the requirements of a valid welfare assessment, but often they are less feasible than other parameters. Therefore, this paper examines whether animal-based parameters are connected with each other and with environmental factors in order to find out if some can be discarded without loss of information. Eighty Austrian dairy herds (21-55 […]

Evaluation of the acute phase protein haptoglobin as an indicator of herd health in slaughter pigs

Health is an important aspect of animal welfare, which is difficult to assess at herd level. Clinical examination of individual animals is time-consuming, and most measures of clinical herd health depend significantly on the examiner. Acute phase proteins are produced during inflammatory processes, and could therefore be used as general markers of infection and injury. […]